The purchasing pace at the demand end of the international thermal coal market continues to slow down and the international thermal coal price continues to decline. Prices for thermal coal at major international ports continued to fall last week as buyers in Europe slowed in recent days for April, coupled with weaker-than-expected import demand from End users in China. According to China Coal Market net monitoring: Australia Newcastle port thermal coal price index was 253 USD/ton, compared with 309.02 USD/ton, down 56.02 USD/ton, down 18.13%. South Africa's Port Richards thermal coal price Index was $264.5 / mt, down the US $62.72 / mt or 19.17% from US $327.22 / mt. The European ARA Tri-port thermal coal price Index was $281.8 / ton. Does the price of thermal coal in major international ports continue to decline to affect the price of the foam concrete?
The common problems of foamed concrete are bubbling, cracking, collapse, shrinkage, and other phenomena. To treat these phenomena, the proper medicine can be found, and the cause can be effectively solved.
The main reason for the collapse of foamed cement is that the cement solidification speed is too slow. We can solve this situation from the following aspects
1. Add accelerator to improve the setting time of foamed cement
Accelerators are used in more and more concrete applications. Foamed cement has high requirements for accelerators. It is not just a fast setting but also needs to be adapted to the performance of foamed cement, and accelerators cannot be added. After affecting the foaming situation.
2 Add an early strength agent to improve the early strength of foamed cement and reduce the stress generated during the exothermic process of cement hydration. Only when these two forces are balanced can it be ensured that the foamed cement will not crack and collapse in the later stage.
3. An appropriate amount of sulfoaluminate cement can be added, which many manufacturers choose to use in winter, and the cost performance is still relatively high. However, this amount of addition should also be paid attention to. It should not be added blindly. After many customers add sulfoaluminate cement, the finished product becomes very brittle in the later stage, without toughness, low strength, and severe pulverization. So we still have to adjust according to the current situation.
4 The water-cement ratio is not suitable. Collapse, retraction, bleeding, insufficient strength. To a large extent, it has something to do with the inappropriate water-cement balance. The adjustment of the water-cement ratio is a technical activity that requires trial and error. It has a lot to do with the cement of foamed cement and the fly ash aggregate, and it needs to be practiced repeatedly according to the actual situation. In this, we can add a plasticizer to adjust the water-cement ratio. This effect is very immediate.
The above contents are some solutions summed up by Tongrun according to the reasons for the collapse of foamed cement. If you encounter other problems or reasonable solutions in the actual process, you are also welcome to communicate us.
According to the bank of Spain's latest forecast data, the average inflation is expected to hit 7.6% in 2022, but the average wage increase for workers in this country is expected to be less than 4% in 2022.
If the Bank of Spain's forecast comes true, the gap between price and wage growth in Spain in a single year will be the largest since 1984.
Prices in Spain rose 9.8% year on year in March 2022 and average wages rose 2.4% year on year, with the Bank of Spain forecasting that the country's inflation rate will improve from July.
Recent changes in the international situation have had a big impact on commodity and energy prices. How the prices of the foam concrete will develop in the future is still uncertain.
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