Russian president demanded that exports of Russian gas to "unfriendly" countries be settled in rubles. The demand has raised concerns in Germany about possible supply disruptions and the impact on industry and households if utilities do not pay in robles. Europe gets about 40% of its gas from Russia. Last year, Europe imported about 155 billion cubic meters. Germany, Europe's largest economy, depends heavily on Russian gas.
The chief executive of Germany's E.ON said the German economy would face "significant damage, which should be avoided if possible" without Russian supplies. He also said it would take Germany three years to wean itself off Russian gas.
In the event of a supply disruption, Germany's gas network regulator would prioritize home heating over industrial use, so energy-hungry manufacturers such as steelmakers would be the first to suffer, he said.
The volatile international situations will continue to affect the markets and prices of many commodities like the white cement.
What is white cement?
The raw material of appropriate composition is burned to partially melted. The clinker with calcium silicate as the main component and low iron content is added with appropriate amount of gypsum, and it is a white hydraulic cementing material made by grinding, called white silicate cement (referred to as white cement).
When grinding cement, it is allowed to add limestone not exceeding 5% of the cement weight.
Note: It is allowed to add grinding aids that do not damage the cement performance to grind cement, and the addition amount does not exceed 1% of the cement weight. Incorporation of other admixtures must be tested and submitted to the Ministry of Building Materials Industry for approval.
Grade of white cement:
(1) Label: There are four labels: 325, 425, 525, and 625.
(2) Whiteness: the minimum whiteness is not less than 87. 90 whiteness and 92 whiteness.
Characteristic of white cement:
White cement, white Portland cement is abbreviated as white cement, is a hydraulic cementitious material made of white Portland cement clinker added to gypsum and ground. The typical feature is high whiteness and bright color.
Applications of white cement:
The typical characteristic of white cement is that it has high whiteness and bright color. It is generally used as a variety of building decoration materials. Typical examples are stucco, sculpture, ground, terrazzo products, etc. White cement can also be used to make white and colored concrete components. It is the largest variety of decorative cement produced.
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Overall, the demand for white cements is on the rise, and future white cements will continue to evolve. Although the prosperity of the brand name has rebounded, there are still many outstanding problems in production and operation. The proportion of enterprises reflecting high raw material cost, high labor cost, and capital shortage are 60.2%, 36.3%, and 32.0% respectively increased this month.
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